LiFePO4-Graphene Composites as High-Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Impact of Size and Morphology of Graphene

Authored By:

Yanqing Fu1, Qiliang Wei1, Gaixia Zhang1, Yu Zhong2, Nima Moghimian2, Xin Tong1 and Shuhui Sun1

1 Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Énergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, Varennes, QC J3X 1S2

2 NanoXplore Inc., 25 Montpellier Blvd., Saint-Laurent, QC H4N 2G3
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy Storage Materials)

Abstract: In this work, we investigated three types of graphene (i.e., home-made G, G V4, and G V20) with different size and morphology, as additives to a lithium iron phosphate (LFP) cathode for the lithium-ion battery. Both the LFP and the two types of graphene (G V4 and G V20) were sourced from industrial, large-volume manufacturers, enabling cathode production at low cost. The use of wrinkled and/or large pieces of a graphene matrix shows promising electrochemical performance when used as an additive to the LFP, which indicates that the features of large and curved graphene pieces enable construction of a more effective conducting network to realize the full potential of the active materials. Specifically, compared to pristine LFP, the LFP/G, LFP/G V20, and LFP/G V4 show up to a 9.2%, 6.9%, and 4.6% increase, respectively, in a capacity at 1 C. Furthermore, the LFP combined with graphene exhibits a better rate performance than tested with two different charge/discharge modes. Moreover, from the economic and electrochemical performance view point, we also demonstrated that 1% of graphene content is optimized no matter the capacity calculated, based on the LFP/graphene composite or pure LFP.

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